Mun taimaka duniya girma tun 2012

Shafin zane

Short Bayani:


Bayanin Samfura

Tambayoyi

Alamar samfur

Bayani
Shafin hoto, wanda aka yi da kayan hoto. Kindan adam yana da dogon tarihi na amfani da zane-zanen zane. Mutanen farko sun yi amfani da hoto na zahiri (hoto mai laushi da ƙasa) da yumbu, laushi ko yashi don haɗawa cikin ɓoye, kuma ana amfani da hanyoyin ƙera tukwane don yin gicciyen zane don narke ƙarfe (tagulla, Iron, ƙarfe, da sauransu). Graphite crucible yana da babban inji ƙarfi, refractoriness, thermal watsin, zai iya tsayayya da mahara narkewa da kuma na iya tsayayya da yashwa na high zazzabi bayani. Graphite crucible na iya narke malleable cast iron, cast steel, copper alloy, zinc alloy, copper solder, da dai sauransu Tare da cigaban masana'antar zamani, masana'antun karfe daban-daban suna amfani da murhun wutar lantarki don narkar da karafa daban-daban, don haka amfani da gicciyen ginshiƙai ta amfani da hoto na halitta an taƙaita abu. Koyaya, yawancin masu narkar da masana'antar ƙarafa suna ci gaba da amfani da wannan nau'in naƙurar hoto.
Tun farkon bayyanar hoto mai wucin gadi a karshen karni na 19, mutane sun sarrafa zane na wucin gadi zuwa gicciyen zane. Ci gaba da kuma samar da tsaftataccen tsari mai kyallen hoto, hoto mai karfi, carbon dutsen gilashi, da sauransu, gicciyen zane-zanen da aka yi su da wadannan abubuwan suna fadada zangon aikace-aikacen gicciyen zane.Kari da narkewar karafa, ana amfani da gicciye tacewar karafa masu daraja irin su zinariya da azurfa. , Atomic energy uranium smelting, semiconductor material silicon single crystal, germanium single crystal Manufacturer, kuma anyi amfani da shi don nazarin sinadarai daban-daban.
An rarraba gicciyen zane a cikin gicciyen zanen halitta, gicciyen zanen mutum, tsarkakakkun zane-zanen hoto, ƙusoshin carbon mai ƙayatarwa, da dai sauransu gwargwadon kayansu. Dangane da maƙasudin, akwai gicciye na ƙarfe, gicciye na jan ƙarfe, gwal na zinare, da giciyen nazari.

Fasali
Matsayin fasahar kere-kere na gicciyen zane-zanen gida ya kai ko ma ya wuce gicciyen shigo da kaya. Crucaƙasan gicciye na cikin gida suna da halaye masu zuwa:
1. Matsakaicin gicciyen gicciye ya sanya gicciye suna da mafi kyawun yanayin haɓakar zafin jiki, kuma haɓakar zafin jikin ta tana da kyau fiye da sauran ƙusoshin da ake shigowa da su. ; Shafin hoto
2. Kayan kwalliyar kwalliya yana da takaddama mai haske ta musamman da kayanda suke sarrafa shi, wanda yake inganta haɓakar ƙarancin samfurin kuma ya tsawanta rayuwar sa.
3. Abubuwan da aka sanya a cikin ginshiƙan hoto duk hoto ne na halitta tare da haɓakar zafin jiki suna da kyau ƙwarai. Bayan daskararren ginshiƙin ya yi zafi, bai kamata a ɗora shi a kan tebur ɗin ƙarfe mai sanyi ba kai tsaye don hana shi fashewa saboda saurin sanyaya.
Graphite crucible
Kulawa
1. Lambar ƙididdigar maƙallan shine ƙarfin jan ƙarfe (kg)
2. Dole ne a adana ginshiƙin zanen a wuri mai bushewa ko kan katako lokacin da aka adana shi.
3. Yi ma'amala da kulawa yayin safara, kuma an haramta shi juyewa da girgiza.
4. Kafin amfani, ana buƙatar yin gasa ta kayan bushewa ko wutar makera, kuma a hankali yanayin zafin ya ƙaru zuwa 500 ° C.
5. Ya kamata a sanya abin ɗora ƙasan ƙasa da bakin murhun murhu don hana murfin murhun sanya bakin bakin na murhun.
6. materialsara kayan ya kamata a dogara da adadin narkewar abin da aka niƙa. Kar a sanya kayan da yawa kuma a hana daskararrun matsewa.
7. Fitowa daga murhun da ƙuƙumin dako ya kamata yayi daidai da siffar ƙwanƙwasa. Partangaren tsakiyar matattarar yakamata ya hana daskararren lalacewa ta hanyar karfi.
8. A yayin fitarda narkakken sandar da kuma coke a bangon ciki da na waje na maƙurar, taɓa shi don hana lalacewar abun.
9. Wuraren da ya dace ya kamata a ajiye tsakanin murhunan da bangon wutar makera, sai a sanya murhun a tsakiyar murhun.
10. Amfani da kayan taimako na kayan konewa da kuma abubuwan karawa zai rage rayuwar giciyen.
11. Yayin amfani, juya dusar kankara sau daya a sati na iya tsawanta rayuwar mai hidimar.
12. Hana harshen wuta mai lalatarwa daga yafa kai tsaye ya fesa gefen dutsen da ƙasan maɓallin.


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